MACLISE, WARD, EASTLAKE, PHILLIP, ELMORE
WE propose to devote the first part of this chapter to two painters who gave up much of their time to fresco-painting, while carrying on the pursuit of genre and historical painting in England, and whose work made a great impression upon the art of the day, and we will begin wit.
Daniel Maclise, R.A., who was born in Cork on 25 January 1811, or 1806; he himself always adhered to the first date as the correct one. His father was of Scottish extraction, and his mother the daughter of a Cork merchant. Maclise showed an early taste for art, and as a child drew pen and ink sketches all over his own copybooks and those of his schoolfellows. His father, however, placed him with a banker, but at sixteen he managed to leave this, to him, distasteful employment, and to enter the Cork School of Art. While still quite a boy he made a portrait of Sir Walter Scott, who happened while visiting Cork to go into a bookseller's shop. Maclise, who was concealed in the back of the shop, in a short time made three outline sketches of his face, and working up the best one in the night, carried it the next morning to the bookseller, who was so pleased with it that he placed it in his window; there Scott saw it, and being also much struck with it, not only appended his autograph to it, but congratulated the young artist warmly. While in the Cork Academy Maclise was a diligent student, and he at the same time made a practical study of anatomy. He found profitable employment in sketching the portraits of the officers stationed in Cork, and in 1826 he made a sketching tour in Wicklow. With the money he saved from the sale of his sketches, and with what he derived from his portrait painting, Maclise made up a purse to come to London, and shortly afterwards he entered the schools of the Royal Academy. Here he immediately gained honours, taking a silver medal both in the antique and the painting school, and in 1829 the gold medal for the best historical composition, the subject being ' The Choice of Hercules'. This gave him also the right to the travelling studentship, although he did not avail himself of it, but continued working in the metropolis. On his first arrival in town he had, on the occasion of Charles Kean's acting young Norval, made