The genogram has been presented as a way of organizing information systemically by mapping relationships, tracing intergenerational patterns, and identifying the transitions through which they evolve. It can, as Exercise 2.2 demonstrated, help the workers to organize their thoughts before and between sessions. Used during a session, it can also serve the useful purpose of eliciting information about family relationships in a way that is helpful to the worker and interesting to the family. Adults and children alike have spontaneously said that constructing their genogram had provoked powerful thoughts and feelings about past, current, and future relationships. This chapter focuses on the concept of punctuation as it is used to organize the patterns of family communication during an interview. The aim of punctuation is to identify the circuit or circuits of interaction in which the problem is embedded and so enable the worker to intervene at the level of the pattern rather than of the individual. This approach increases the number of ways an episode can be analysed and therefore expands the possible therapeutic options available.
‘It is the theory that determines what we observe’
|1. Digital communication. This is simply the content of the spoken or written word, such as a statement, ‘I went to see my mother|