|1. Preference for a method which creates information through physical action.|
|2. Frustration with the failure of words to elicit interactional patterns.|
|3. A family is over- or under-talkative and so information is disguised or masked.|
The techniques can be used as an alternative or an adjunct to complement or to enhance the verbal mode, or as a ‘mixer’ with it.
Papp describes the rationale for and the advantages of such techniques generally, by pointing out that they deprive couples and families of:
‘their familiar verbal cues by changing the medium of expression from words to images, movements, space, and physical positioning. It penetrates the confusing morass of verbiage that often sidetracks both couple [or families] and therapist—the superficial details, irrelevant facts, and repetitious recountings—and reveals the ulterior level of the relationship. (Papp 1983)
Such techniques create