Solutions for Singers: Tools for Performers and Teachers

By Richard Miller | Go to book overview

BREATH MANAGEMENT

APPOGGIO VERSUS BELLY BREATHING (BAUCHAUSSENSTÜTZ)

QUESTION

Is there a difference between the appoggio technique you advocate and what some writers call belly breathing?


COMMENT

Before addressing the question more directly, some comment about the appoggio is essential. The term is not narrowly related to the management of airflow during singing. It encompasses a complete system of structural support, during which the muscles of exhalation and those of inspiration maintain an antagonistic balance, inciting a stable but dynamic relationship among the intrinsic muscles of the larynx, which in turn are fully supported by the external laryngeal framesupport system. An axial body posture and a relatively low larynx allow the resonator tract above the larynx to function freely. In short, during execution of the appoggio, as part of this physical complex the abdominal-wall musculature not only controls the speed at which the air exits but also and simultaneously induces proper responses directly at the level of the larynx, and in the vocal tract above the larynx.

Belly-breathing advocates probably know that the breath process cannot be controlled by the belly. Perhaps they mean to stress that the abdominal-wall mus-

-1-

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Solutions for Singers: Tools for Performers and Teachers
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Acknowledgments *
  • Preface ix
  • Contents xiii
  • Solutions for Singers *
  • Breath Management 1
  • Posture 35
  • Laryngeal and Intralaryngeal Function 47
  • Resonance Balancing 63
  • Nasal Continuants and Nonnasal Consonants 111
  • The Phenomenon of Vibrato 121
  • Registration 129
  • Healthy Singing 169
  • Pedagogy Issues 187
  • Performance Concerns 225
  • Glossary of Terms 249
  • Appendix I - Pitch Designations 257
  • Appendix II - Ipa Symbols for Vowels, Semivowels, and French Nasal Vowel Sounds 259
  • Appendix III - Ipa Symbols for Consonant Sounds 261
  • Appendix IV - Repertoire for Younger or Beginning Singers 263
  • Select Bibliography 273
  • Index 281
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