Great Physicists: The Life and Times of Leading Physicists from Galileo to Hawking

By William H. Cropper | Go to book overview

Index
***Note–Page numbers in bold refer to the main entry for each subject.***Note–Page numbers in italics refer to diagrams and illustrations.
Abbott, Benjamin, 139
Aberdeen Proving Ground, 447
absolute temperature, 89, 93
Academia d'Italia, 353
Académie des sciences, 295
Academy of Lynxes, 8, 9, 11, 352
acceleration, 160, 202, 220, 220–21. See also gravitation
accelerators, 325–26, 415–16, 417
actinium, 315, 334
action-at-a-distance, 146–47, 171, 382
Adams, Walter, 430
Adams mathematical prize, 185
adiabatic compression and expansion, 46
Advanced Calculus (Woods), 379
Aharanov, Yakir, 162
Aigentler, Henriette von, 180–81
Akademische Gymnasium, 280
alchemy, 19, 27–28, 294, 313–16
algebra, 31, 39, 182, 269
Allgemeine Elektrizitäts Gesellschaft (A.E.G.), 126
Allison, Sam, 448
alpha particles: Chadwick on, 327; charge, 350; detecting, 325; foil experiments, 245, 246; measuring, 317; Rutherford's work on, 323–25
alpha rays, 312–16, 315
Alpher, Ralph, 458
Alsos Commission, 272–73
Althoff, Friedrich, 125
Amaldi, Edoardo, 348, 351
American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 110
American Association for the Advancement of Science, 430
American Physical Society, 388, 391
Amidei, Adolfo, 345
ammonia synthesis, 126–29
Ampère, Andre Marie, 141, 162
amplitude, 392
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), 454–55
analogy, Maxwell's use of, 154
“Analysis of Native Caustic Lime of Tuscany” (Faraday), 140
Analytical Theory of Heat (Fourier), 78
Anderson, Carl, 363, 372
Anderson, Charles, 152
Anderson, Herbert, 357–58
Anderson, John, 254
Andrade, Edward, 323–24
Anglican Church, 21
Annalen der Chemie und Pharmacie (Liebig), 54– 55
Annalen der Physik und Chemie (Poggendorff), 54– 55, 73–74, 205, 206
Annalen der Physik und Chemie (Wiedemann), 169
Anne, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, 38
antimatter and antiparticles, 214, 363. See also positrons
anti-Semitism, 226, 241, 353, 404–5
Apelles, 9
Apreece, Jane, 139
Arago, Francois, 141
argon, 318–20
Aristotle, 5
arms race, 253–54. See also nuclear weapons
Armstrong, Neil, 400
Army Corps of Engineers, 355, 384
Arouet, Francois Marie, 37
Arrhenius, Svante, 304
Arthur Gell-Mann School, 404
Aryan physics, 271
The Assayer (Galileo), 10–11
astronomical observations, 38
Astrophysical Journal,443–44, 448–49
asymptotic freedom, 416
atheism, 462
Athenaeum,147
Atlantic Telegraph Company, 79
atmospheres, 85
atomic structure: atomic nucleus, 245, 293, 318; atomic numbers, 321; atomic weight, 322–23; Boltzmann, 177; described, 293; energy level diagrams, 248–49; Newton, 36; Pauli and Bohr on, 251–52; probability and, 285; wave characteristics of atoms, 288
Atomic Structure and Spectral Lines (Sommerfeld), 441
atomic weapons. See nuclear weapons
Atoms in the Family (Fermi), 344–45
attraction forces in chemistry, 27–28
Autobiographical Notes (Curie), 297, 300, 306
Avogadro, Amedeo, 111
Avogadro's hypothesis, 125
Avogadro's number, 111–12, 199
axial vectors, 398
Ayscough, James, 19
Ayscough, Mary, 19
Ayscough, William, 19
Ayyar, C. S., 439–41, 445
Babington, Humphrey, 20
Bacher, Robert, 395, 398

-485-

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Great Physicists: The Life and Times of Leading Physicists from Galileo to Hawking
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents v
  • Preface ix
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • I - Historical Synopsis 3
  • 1 - How the Heavens Go 5
  • 2 - A Man Obsessed 18
  • II - Historical Synopsis 41
  • 3 - A Tale of Two Revolutions 43
  • 4 - On the Dark Side 51
  • 5 - A Holy Undertaking 59
  • 6 - Unities and a Unifier 71
  • 7 - The Scientist as Virtuoso 78
  • 8 - The Road to Entropy 93
  • 9 - The Greatest Simplicity 106
  • 10 - The Last Law 124
  • III - Historical Synopsis 135
  • 11 - A Force of Nature 137
  • 12 - The Scientist as Magician 154
  • IV - Historical Synopsis 177
  • 13 - Molecules and Entropy 179
  • V - Historical Synopsis 201
  • 14 - Adventure in Thought 203
  • VI - Historical Synopsis 229
  • 15 - Reluctant Revolutionary 231
  • 16 - Science by Conversation 242
  • 17 - The Scientist as Critic 256
  • 18 - Matrix Mechanics 263
  • 19 - Wave Mechanics 275
  • VII - Historical Synopsis 293
  • 20 - Opening Doors 295
  • 21 - On the Crest of a Wave 308
  • 22 - Physics and Friendships 330
  • 23 - Complete Physicist 344
  • VIII - Historical Synopsis 363
  • 24 - Iγ·∂ψ = Mψ 365
  • 25 - What Do You Care? 376
  • 26 - Telling the Tale of the Quarks 403
  • IX - Historical Synopsis 421
  • 27 - Beyond the Galaxy 423
  • 28 - Ideal Scholar 438
  • 29 - Affliction, Fame, and Fortune 452
  • Chronology of the Main Events 464
  • Glossary 469
  • Invitation to More Reading 478
  • Index 485
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