For the war and Italian immigrants, see Gary Mormino, “Over Here: St. Louis Italo–Americans and the First World War,” Missouri Historical Society Bulletin 30 (October 1973), 44–53; and Humbert Nelli, “Chicago's Italian Language Press and World War I,” in Francesco Cordasco, ed., Studies in Italian American Social History (Totowa, N.J.: Rowman and Littlefield, 1975). The numerous community studies that appeared on Italian Americans in the 1970s and 1980s pay almost no attention to the impact of the war. See Humbert Nelli, Italians in Chicago, 1880–1930: A Study in Ethnic Mobility (New York: Oxford University Press, 1970); Virginia Yans-McLaughlin, Family and Community: Italian Immigrants in Buffalo, 1880–1920 (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1978); Donna Gabaccia, From Sicily to Elizabeth Street: Housing and Social Change Among Italian Immigrants, 1880–1930 (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1984); Judith E. Smith, Family Connections: A History of Italian and Jewish Immigrant Lives in Providence, Rhode Island, 1900–1940 (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1985); and Gary Mormino, Immigrants on the Hill: Italian Americans in St. Louis, 1882–1982 (Urbana: Illinois University Press, 1986).
Studies of New Haven's Italian population include Phyllis Williams, South Italian Folkways in Europe and America (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1938); Irvin Child, Italian or American? The Second Generation in Conflict (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1943); Jerome K. Myers, “Time Differential Factor in Assimilation: A