THE MEANING OF ADVOCACY
Q: When you are negotiating a divorce case, would you say your primary goal is best described as reaching a settlement fair to both parties or getting as much as possible for your client?
A: The right answer from the bar association stand is probably to get as much as Ican for my client, but it is the other one, that's what Ido: a reasonable settlement, Iguess, fair to both parties.
—a New Hampshire divorce lawyer
Partisan advocacy, in which lawyers pursue legal strategies in an effort to maximize their clients' interests, is a central tenet of legal professionalism. In this “Dominant View”(Simon 1998b: 7) or “Standard Conception”(Luban 1988: 393) of the attorney's professional role, lawyers owe complete loyalty to their clients and should pursue the clients' goals through any and all legal actions. This ideology of adversary advocacy rests on the principle of neutrality, which “prescribes that the lawyer remain detached from his client's ends”and of partisanship, which