National Organizational Survey
of Domestic Violence Coalitions
ALBERT R. ROBERTS
The women's movement has reached full maturity. As a direct result of increased societal awareness through public education and media attention, and the statewide and national coalitions' legislative successes, the prevalence of woman battering has begun to decline in recent years. Women's organizations and coalitions took the lead starting in the late 1970s in facilitating the expansion of shelters, support groups, community education, and other services to battered women. This chapter provides data on the first national survey of the specific role, activities, and achievements of domestic violence coalitions. Each year millions of dollars are allocated by the federal government and disbursed to each of the 50 states to facilitate the expansion of programs and services for battered women and their children. Our summary will inform the reader about the budgets and specific funded activities for the 39 responding statewide domestic violence coalitions, ranging from police training to lobbying and legislative advocacy, to a statewide database and court monitoring of restraining orders, to training thousands of state child welfare workers, to pro bono civil and criminal legal representation of battered women and sexual assault victims.
In addition, by the early 1990s, prominent professional associations made a commitment to developing model domestic violence codes, judicial education and court reforms, and policy research and development. Specifically, the National Council on Juvenile and Family Court Judges Association, the National Center on State Courts, and the American Bar Association, Crimi-