The Management of International Enterprises: A Socio-Political View

By Monir H. Tayeb | Go to book overview

10
Summary and Conclusions

This book has attempted to put together in one volume major issues and arguments, supported by available empirical evidence and theoretical models, which concern the birth and growth of international firms and the challenges that they face in their sometimes worldwide environment.

Chapter 1 focused on the discussion of competitiveness of nations and the socio-political factors which might enhance or hinder it. It was argued that, notwithstanding some instances of decoupling of nations and companies, the fates of the two are intertwined. Nations provide launching pads for their home-grown companies through various political, economic and educational policies and practices, as well as their centuries-old cultural values, traditions and customs. Companies cannot normally launch themselves into the international arena without a platform from which they can be powerfully propelled. Some of these ‘platforms’, in comparison with the rest of the world, have done a better job of preparing and launching their home-grown firms into the international marketplace where they compete successfully with other firms.

The first chapter built on Porter's (1990) model by focusing on and exploring major socio-political roots of the inequalities between nations. Examples of unsuccessful as well as successful nations were cited to illustrate why some countries do not have any significant presence through their business firms in the competitive markets of today.

Both on economic measures such as the size of an economy, its growth rate and per capita income, and non-economic indicators such as health, life-expectancy and literacy rate, Germany, France, the United States, Japan, Canada, the United Kingdom, Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan and many other OECD countries have left other nations far behind. Many countries located in central and western Asia, Africa and some parts of Latin America still have a long way to go. There are also some very hopeful and promising nations such as Hungary, the Czech Republic, Poland, China and Brazil in between these two groups which are set to join the frontrunners in the near future.

In terms of competitiveness, according to an annual survey by the International Institute for Management Development (IMD), the United States continues to be the most competitive nation in the world, followed

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