Leaving England: Essays on British Emigration in the Nineteenth Century

By Charlotte Erickson | Go to book overview

after the American Civil War, urban laborers came to constitute a larger proportion of Lancashire's emigrants. When Canada's economy boomed after 1905, disaffected laborers Hocked to the Empire rather than compete with southern and eastern Europeans in the American labor market.


APPENDIX

Table 6.4. Occupations of English and Welsh male immigrants, 1831 and 1841, and of British males, 1851 and 1885-1888, aged 20 or older, compared with British labor force
English and Welsh
1831 1841
Occupational class Lists Census Lists Census
Agricultural workers 24.6% 33.8% 21.3% 28.6%
Laborers 11.3 16.7 12.5 8.2
Servants, etc. 2.1 4.0 2.5 8.9
Craftsmen 33.1 21.6 31.3 29.9
Industrial workers 16.5 13.2 23.2 14.9
Modern tertiary workers 12.4 10.7 9.2 9.5
Total 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
Number occupied males 1,794 3,179,729 1,750 3,499,000
British
1851 1885-1888
Occupational class Lists Census Lists Census
Agricultural workers 23.0% 27.3% 9.5% 15.6%
Laborers 25.7 6.9 29.5 8.2
Servants, etc. 3.8 9.3 3.2 12.8
Craftsmen 31.1 30.0 34.3 30.3
Industrial workers 9.3 15.8 7.8 17.0
Modern tertiary workers 7.2 10.7 15.7 16.1
Total 100.1% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
Number occupied males 2,224 6,618,452 8,698 8,892,985
Sources: Ship lists as in Table 6.1; Population of Great Britain, 1831, Enumeration Abstracts,
vol. 1, British Parliamentary Papers (hereinafter B.P.P.), 1833 (12), XXXVI, pp. xiii-xiv;
Census of Great Britain, 1841, Enumeration Abstracts, Pt. 1, England and Wales, B.P.P., 1844
(587), XXVII, pp. 27-45; Census of Great Britain, 1851, Population Tables, Pt. 2, Ages, Civil
Condition, Occupations, and Birth-places, vol. 1, England and Wales, B. P. P., 1852-53 ( 1691-1),
LXXXVIII, Table 54, pp. cxxviii-cxl, and Table 24, pp. ccxxviii-ccxxi, and ccxviii-ccxxl;
Census of England and Wales, 1881, vol. 3, Ages, . . . Marriage, Occupations, and Birth-places
of the People, B.P.P., 1882 (C.3722), LXXVII, Table 5, pp. x-xvi; Ninth Decennial Census of
the Population of Scotland, vol. 2, B.P.P., 1883 (C.3657r), LXXXI, Table 15, pp. 406-13.
Note: The immigrant labor force in 1831 has been classified to conform with data
available in the 1831 census: miners are placed with laborers and removed from crafts. For
a fuller explanation, see Table 4.12, above.Totals do not always equal 100 percent because
of roundings.

-237-

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