Germany and the
By 1911 German prominence in the international cocaine trade and in the trade of manufactured narcotics such as heroin and morphine had won it the attention of the United States. As we have seen, British machinations over the Hague conference stimulated U.S. pressure for German compliance with the American agenda. This chapter explores German drug control policy, especially regarding cocaine, during the period from 1909 to 1934—that is, from the Shanghai Opium Commission to Germany's withdrawal from the League of Nations. This broader analysis reveals the selective impact of elements of state capacity and raises questions about the actual effects of U.S. drug control strategy on German policy makers.
The "general underpinnings of state capacity" noted by Theda Skocpol were fairly weak in Germany during the early 1900s. 1 After World War I, Germany lost territorial control as well as financial resources. The provisions of the Versailles Treaty and disputes with France left portions of German territory under either foreign control or weak central administration. The Saar region, for example,