The battle of the books had gone too far to be concluded by satire, however brilliant. As we have seen, beneath the clash of personalities and the attacks ad hommem some real issues had appeared, and if they would not easily be resolved, they would not readily go away. Atterbury and his friends had welcomed the anonymous Tale of a Tub, although they worried a bit about its shafts at religion. Wotton saw his chance and struck back at once with a new and final edition of the Reflections ( 1705), in which he ridiculed Swift's orthodoxy -- and helped to provide a stumbling block to the cleric's advancement.1 In turn, Swift waited awhile but eventually brought out another edition of the Tale ( 1710), this time embellished with notes drawn from Wotton's works in a last ironic effort to turn the opposition into burlesque support.2 It was all part of the fun, no doubt, but hardly calculated to advance the argument; for that we must look elsewhere.
It would be misleading to suggest that the battle of the books proceeded in a more orderly or intelligible way than any military campaign. We have followed it enough to see that there was hardly a field of human endeavor that was untouched by the dispute, and indeed everywhere, from architecture to zoology, there was squabbling. At the risk of over-____________________