Weather, Climate, Culture

By Sarah Strauss; Ben Orlove | Go to book overview

Notes
1
This study is part of the larger Climate Assessment for the Southwest (CLIMAS) Project sponsored by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Office of Global Programs (OGP) and based at the University of Arizona. CLIMAS combines the interdisciplinary expertise of physical and social scientists in defining the entire range of human and natural systems' vulnerabilities to climate variability for the U.S. Southwest.
2
Burton (1997) draws a distinction between climate variability and climate change. He suggests that climate variability, or ‘normal climate’, is composed of extreme weather events such as storms, droughts, blizzards, and other phenomena. Climate change, on the other hand, entails an increased frequency in the occurrence of such events. For the purpose of this study, climate change is overly complex; thus we focus instead on climate variability.
3
Abundant summer rainfall does not contribute to aquifer recharge for two reasons: first, high temperatures increase evaporation rates, which average 67 inches per year, and second, clay and silt layers that characterize the greater part of the upper basins' fill impede downward percolation of water, making recharge from rainfall and irrigation water on the valley floor negligible (ADWR 1994).
4
Only one family in the SSV engaged in both farming and ranching on a commercial scale. Their neighbors refer to them as the ‘cowboy farmers’, indicating the rarity of such a combination.

References

ALLBRITTON, D. L. and L. G. MEIRA FILHO. 2001. Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis – Technical Summary. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Accessed on 2/15/2002 at http: //www.ipcc.ch/pub/wg1TARtechsum.pdf.

ARIZONA DEPARTMENT OF WATER RESOURCES (ADWR). 1994. Arizona Water Resources Assessment: Inventory and Analysis. Department of Water Resources Report, Volume I. Phoenix: ADWR. AD J. 1991. A Legacy of Change: Historic Human Impact on Vegetation in the Arizona Borderland. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

KENNETH. 2000. El Niño and the Anthropological Opportunity. Practicing Anthropology 22: 20–23.

BRYANT, C. R., B. SMIT, M. BRKLACICH, T. R. JOHNSTON, J. SMITHERS, Q. CHIOTTI, and B. SINGH. 2000. Adaptation in Canadian Agriculture to Climatic Variability and Change. Climatic Change 45: 181–201.

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