In order for a language to die, injustice and oppression must be mediated precisely by the culturally appropriate practices that oppressed people adopt in order to defend threatened identities.
|1 Is it the loss of a particular group of speakers together with their language?|
|2 Is it the loss of languages?|
|3 Is it the fact that languages lose prestige?|
|4 Is it the shrinking of functions and domains?|
|5 Is it the fact that languages change?|
|6 Is it the fact that language ecologies collapse?|
|7 Or is there nothing really to worry about, as seems to be suggested by Matisoff (1991):|