NOTES AND REFERENCES

PREFACE
1
A useful outline of the early centrality of language issues in social psychology, their virtual disappearance and their very recent reappearance is provided by Rolf Kroger and Linda Wood, ‘Whatever happened to language in social psychology?’ (Canadian Psychology, 1992, 33, 584-94); see also John Edwards, Language, Society and Identity (Oxford: Blackwell, 1985).
2
Joyce Hertzler, ‘Toward a sociology of language’ (Social Forces, 1953, 32, 109-19) and The Sociology of Language (New York: Random House, 1965). The proceedings of the California sociolinguistics conference were edited by William Bright as Sociolinguistics (The Hague: Mouton, 1966).
3
The preface to Joshua Fishman (ed.), Advances in the Sociology of Language, Vol. 1 (The Hague: Mouton, 1971).
4
Anthony Edwards, Language in Culture and Class (London: Heinemann, 1976, p. 9).
5
S. Herman, ‘Explorations in the social psychology of language choice’ (Human Relations, 1961, 14, 149-64).
6
Noam Chomsky, Dialogues avec Mitsou Ronat (Paris: Flammarion, 1977). Published in English as Language and Responsibility (New York: Pantheon, 1979). The quotations are from pages 55 and 56. See also Chomsky’s Language and Politics (Montreal: Black Rose, 1988).
7
Ronald Wardhaugh, An Introduction to Sociolinguistics (Oxford: Blackwell, 1986, p. 10). See also Roger Andersen’s criticism of Chomsky’s ‘armchair’ philosophy in his The Power and the Word (London: Paladin, 1988). Further useful discussion of Chomsky and his critics may be found in F. Newmeyer (ed.), Linguistics: The Cambridge Survey (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988)—particularly in Volume 4 (Language: The Sociocultural Context).
8
Chomsky, 1979, p. 57.

1 AN INTRODUCTORY OVERVIEW
1
Indian examples: P. Pandit, ‘Perspectives on sociolinguistics in India’ (in W. McCormack and S. Wurm (eds), Language and Society, The Hague: Mouton, 1979); D. Pattanayak, ‘On being and becoming bilingual in India’ (in Joshua Fishman et al., The Fergusonian Impact, The Hague: de Gruyter, 1986).
2
From a study by John Gumperz, cited by David Crystal, Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987, p. 363).
3
George Steiner, After Babel (London: Oxford University Press, 1975).
4
Pattanayak, 1986.

-211-

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Multilingualism
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • A Brief Note on References xiii
  • Acknowledgements xv
  • 1 - An Introductory Overview 1
  • 2 - Languages in the World 15
  • 3 - Bilingualism 55
  • 4 - Languages in Conflict 89
  • 5 - Languages and Identities 125
  • 6 - The Prescriptive Urge 146
  • 7 - Languages, Cultures and Education 175
  • 8 - Conclusions 204
  • Notes and References 211
  • Index of Names 243
  • Index of Subjects 251
  • Index of Languages and Language Families 254
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