ORIGINS AND EVOLUTION OF
FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAMS
This chapter presents the reasons that family planning programs received growing support internationally beginning in the 1960s; how interest on the part of developing countries governments grew; some of the key characteristics of family planning programs and how these evolved over time; and finally, how family planning programs have been funded—including the level of support from international donors and funding organizations. It provides an historical overview of family planning programs so that the controversies, criticisms, and research related to the rationale for programs, which follow in Chapters Three through Five, can be better understood.
Three U.S.organizations, the Ford and Rockefeller Foundations and the Population Council, served as catalysts in bringing together experts and government leaders from around the world at various international meetings in the 1950s and 1960s to discuss the implications of rapid population growth and high fertility, exchange experiences with family planning program practitioners, and develop a consensus about what was needed for the future (Harkavy, 1995).1____________________