This chapter discusses several aspects of the health rationale for family planning programs. First is the role of contraceptive technology and concerns about contraceptive safety. Second is the health benefits of regulating fertility. Third is the relationship between abortion and family planning. Fourth is the concern over the quality of care in family planning programs. The final aspect is the broader context of reproductive health for family planning services.
The appropriate role of contraceptive technology has been a key element of the controversy over family planning programs.1 Critics of family planning programs and contraceptive technology questioned whether they would be the technological fix that proponents assumed, and many raised health concerns about contraceptive technology.
In the late 1960s and 1970s, the emerging women's health movement in the United States also took issue with the emphasis on contraceptive technology. Subsequently, a growing international network of women's health advocates questioned the process by which contraceptives were selected and introduced in developing countries. The perspective of women's health advocates on contraceptive____________________