We are especially grateful to Gail McGinn, former Principal Director of the Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Military Communities and Family Policy, for her enthusiasm in initiating this study. Otto Thomas from the same office provided valuable advice and assistance through the course of the project.
Catherine Schagh, the Director of the Impact Aid Program in the Office of Elementary and Secondary Education at the Department of Education, provided useful insights into the workings of the program. Gregg Spencer from the Impact Aid Office was useful in providing access to program data and in explaining the details of calculating program benefits.
John Forkenbrock, Pauline Proulx, Lynn Watkins, and Robert Edmonson from the National Association of Federally Impacted Schools (NAFIS) offered useful insights into how the program affected local school districts. They also provided useful explanations of proposed changes to the Impact Aid law.
Among RAND colleagues, we are indebted to Susan Hosek, the former Director of the Forces and Resources Program, and Susan Everingham, the current director of the program, for their support and encouragement. We are also especially grateful to Sheila Kirby and Cathy Krop who were part of the original working team on the project and provided valuable expertise on education finance issues. Cassandra Guarino and Cathy Krop provided useful comments on an earlier draft of this report.