Private Giving to Public Schools and Districts in Los Angeles County: A Pilot Study

By Ron Zimmer; Cathy Krop et al. | Go to book overview

D.
Study Results on Local Education
Foundations

Local education foundations are garnering increasing attention in both the popular press and research literature. In this appendix, we review the literature, as well as our findings from phone interviews with LEF representatives as­ sociated with three districts in our sample and interviews with district and school personnel.

The research literature examines the growth of LEFs, where LEFs are likely to be formed, and the level of support they raise. The emerging view is that the num­ ber of LEFs is growing and LEFs are providing districts with more flexible fund­ ing, but they also may be leading to greater inequities between wealthy and poor districts (although it has been argued that LEFs can also actually help close the gaps between higher-income and lower-income districts). In comparison with the literature, our interviews focused more closely on how LEFs raise funds and the processes by which they allocate funds.


Literature Review

In this section, we provide information from our search of published reports, journal articles, and the popular press. The following summaries provide a quick overview of the recent growth of LEFs, the dollar value of money raised by LEFs, and the characteristics of the districts that form successful LEFs.


Growth in the Number of LEFs

The consensus is that the number of LEFs is growing throughout the country, particularly in California. Merz and Frankel (1995) conducted a multistate analy­ sis of foundation activity based on a survey of school districts and interviews with individuals involved with foundations. The study found that the vast ma­ jority of foundations have been formed since 1989, with California having the longest history with them. Brunner and Sonstelie (1997) used IRS data and the required registration of nonprofits operating in California and found widespread use of educational foundations in the state; more than 500 such foundations were in operation in 1995 in 1,001 school districts. Addonizio (1999) studied the

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Private Giving to Public Schools and Districts in Los Angeles County: A Pilot Study
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Preface iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables vii
  • Summary ix
  • Acknowledgments xix
  • Acronyms xxi
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • 2 - What We Currently Know about Private Support of Public Education 7
  • 3 - Research Methodology 25
  • 4 - The Who, How, and What of Private Giving 35
  • 5 - Lessons Learned from This Study 67
  • A - School Principal Interview Protocol 77
  • B - District Interview Protocol 81
  • C - Local Education Foundation Interview 85
  • D - Study Results on Local Education Foundations 87
  • E - Source Citations for the Private-Giving Matrix 93
  • Bibliography 99
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