EXAMINATION OF SELECTED OCCUPATIONS
This chapter summarizes the results of the second task of this study by addressing the gender representation of selected newly opened occupations to improve understanding of accession, training, and retention because these processes all contribute to gender representation and to assess whether there are systemic hindrances to career development. The occupations were selected to include nontraditional officer and enlisted occupations, to represent all four services, to include occupations with both high and low gender representation, and to include different kinds of occupational areas. The next section provides the occupations included in this chapter and describes the issues discussed for each selected occupation. The chapter then addresses each of the selected occupations.
The intent of this research is to examine approximately two occupations for each of the four services to sample the policies and practices regarding gender integration in newly opened occupations. Table 3.1 lists the occupations selected for examination. All but one are newly opened occupations, and thus officers and enlisted personnel are not both included for each of the services.
Table 3.1 indicates two Army enlisted and one Army warrant officer occupation. One of the enlisted careers, Bridge Crewmember, is appealing because it represents an occupational class that, as was shown in Table 2.12, traditionally underrepresents women. Additionally, because Bridge Crewmember is part of the Combat Engi