REMEDIATION PROGRAM MANAGEMENT ISSUES
This chapter presents a brief and simplified view of remediation program management. The purpose of this overview is to provide some context in which the importance of the various attributes of the remediation program management processes described in subsequent chapters can be interpreted.
Complexity, size, and inherent uncertainty pose difficult challenges for remediation program management. By program management, we refer to the management of many individual remediation-related projects at different sites. Large firms, particularly those in the chemical or energy industries, may be managing activities at several hundred sites at any one time. Each site is likely to have its own unique physical (contaminants and geology), economic, and political characteristics. Each site is likely to be at a different stage in the remediation process.
Figure 1 outlines the traditional Superfund cleanup process as defined by regulations. While specific to Superfund, the basic steps in the process would be similar in any remediation project, including those conducted under Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) cleanup provisions, state regulations, and voluntary cleanups. Basic steps include site identification and characterization, risk assessment, remedy selection, remedial action, and longterm operations and monitoring.