NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Muscle Fibers and Their Energy Systems
Nutrients That Fuel ATP Production and
Adaptations in Fuel Metabolism with Exercise
Vitamins, Minerals, Water, and Performance
Diet Recommendations for Athletes
Nutrition Concerns for Athletes Across the
Concepts to Remember
Daily life in the industrialized world has become more sedentary, and an increasing body of evidence correlates sedentary lifestyles with elevated risks of chronic discases, especially diabetes, obesity, cancer, and heart disease (Blair et al, 1989; Bouchard and Despres, 1995; National Institutes of Health Consensus Conference, 1996). The relationship between physical inactivity and chronic disease is so significant that Americans are strongly urged to become more active (Blair et al, 1996a; National Institutes of Health Consensus Conference, 1996; Phillips et al, 1996). Considerable health benefits may result from increases in activity. Some of these are improved lipoprotein profile, carbohydrate metabolism, blood pressure, body weight, and mortality rate, to name
a few. This chapter addresses the relationships between nutrition and physical activity in all individuals throughout all stages of the life span.
▪ What is physical fitness and how is it assessed?
▪ What are the benefits of improved physical fitness?
▪ What are some of the recommendations for improving physical fitness?
The set of characteristics or attributes that a body requires to perform the physical activities of daily life is____________________