|1 introducing the investment relation as the basic unit of analysis|
|2 defining investment relation costs as the comparative efficiency criterion|
|3 identifying of the relevant dimensions of an investment relation|
|4 classifying of alternative regulatory environments|
|5 characterizing of alternative organizational modes of capital allocation and corporate governance|
|6 matching of each type of investment relation in an efficiency discriminating manner with a particular organizational mode of capital allocation and corporate governance.|
The investment relation is the basic unit of analysis. It consists of at least two parties: an investor who provides capital and a firm which uses capital for investment purposes. In exchange for the provision of capital, investors receive contingent ownership and decision rights. In states of solvency, for example, the suppliers of equity will retain the decision rights over the firm’s assets while the suppliers of debt will receive pre-specified interest and principal payments. In case of default, on the other hand, the decision rights over the firms remaining assets will be transferred from the suppliers of equity to the suppliers of debt.