As do many first books, this book began life as a PhD thesis. There are, therefore, a great many people to whom I am indebted. Mike Clarke and Patrick Salmon in particular, at Newcastle University, gave me encouragement and the confidence to do a PhD in the first place. I am greatly indebted to my supervisor Hugh Ward, and to Rachel Walker who also supervised me for a year. Both were very enthusiastic about the project, and were always willing to give time and attention. Their contributions have undoubtedly improved my work considerably. In general, I am indebted to the excellent graduate community in the Government Department at Essex University, in particular to Toby Smith, Nikki Craske, Neil Robinson, Stephen Mew, Nick Presmeg, David Howarth and Aletta Norval, for providing both good friendship and a stimulating environment within which to work.
David Scrivener, Ted Benton, Hugh Ward, Hugh Dyer and David Sanders have all read particular incarnations of the text and gave useful comments. Dan Bodansky, John Barry, Mick Smith, John MacMillan, Richard Devetak, Albert Weale and Rachel Walker all read chapters and made useful comments, and members of the British International Studies Association’s Global Environmental Change Group provided very useful comments on a draft of the conclusions presented to a meeting of the group.
For help with the research, four groups of people gave particular assistance. The Secretariat of the INC (see text for details), especially Stan Cornford and Michael Zammit Cutajar, were particularly helpful in letting me participate in their work and observe the negotiating process at first hand. Sally Cavanagh, at the Climate Action Network in London, was particularly helpful in sending me copies of ECO for each of the negotiations which I was unable to attend. The Economic and Social Research Council (Grant number R00429024884) funded the research,