No doubt some sort of international agreement on fossil fuels will be reached, and no doubt it will be too timid and too often broken to make a great difference.
At the Second World Climate Conference, in November 1990, the UN General Assembly was urged to establish formal negotiations towards a Framework Convention on Climate Change. Prior to this, in September 1990, UNEP and WMO convened an ad hoc working group of government representatives to prepare for negotiations and discuss possible structures, rules of procedure, and so on, for a negotiating forum (INC, 8 March 1991; Bodansky, 1992). The General Assembly discussed this issue on 21 December 1990, and established the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for a Framework Convention on Climate Change (INC), in Resolution 45/212, entitled ‘Protection of global climate for present and future generations’ (UN General Assembly, 1990). The committee was charged with the task of negotiating a Framework Convention and any associated protocols designed to counter climate change.
This chapter discusses the interstate negotiations concerning climate change. These led initially to the signing of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992. The negotiations have continued after Rio, and still continue. However, this chapter finishes with the first Conference of the Parties in Berlin in March-April 1995 (COP1). Like the previous chapter, its primary purpose is descriptive; to outline the course of the negotiations in broadly chronological fashion. 1