Exporting Africa: Technology, Trade, and Industrialization in Sub-Saharan Africa

By Samuel M. Wangwe | Go to book overview

8

Tanzania

M. S. D. Bagachwa and A. V. Y. Mbelle

INTRODUCTION

Firms in developing countries are increasingly striving to export their products. However poor quality, high prices brought about by high production costs, and unreliable deliveries have eroded competitiveness. These firms seek to improve their competitiveness in a number of ways, which include searching for new technologies and internal reorganization. The outcome has, despite these efforts, not been very encouraging.

This study examines the technological responses of firms in Tanzania in the face of declining competitiveness. The analysis uses information from a survey of nine firms: four from the metals and engineering sector and five from the textile industry. It was found that technological adaptations and improved capabilities (both technological and human) are necessary but not sufficient conditions for improved export competitiveness. Factors such as a ‘hostile’ macroeconomic environment, a weak industrial base and the lack of resources, especially foreign resources, impose serious limits.


Trends and performance of export manufacturing 1966-90

Three phases of export history

The trend and general performance of Tanzanian manufactured exports are summarized in Table 8.1 (p. 205). Three main development phases can be identified over the period 1966-90. The first phase, 1966-80 was a period of gradual but continuous growth in manufacturing exports. This growth was consistent with the growth in overall manufacturing output, which grew from 4 per cent of GDP

-199-

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Exporting Africa: Technology, Trade, and Industrialization in Sub-Saharan Africa
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables vii
  • Acknowledgements xii
  • Part I - Exporting Africa: an Analysis 1
  • 1 - Introduction 3
  • 2 - Trade Theory 16
  • 3 - Some Conceptual Issues and Methodology of the Study 35
  • 4 - The Changing World Economy 52
  • 5 - Main Findings of the Study 82
  • 6 - Conclusions and Policy Implications 117
  • Notes to Part I 122
  • Bibliography 131
  • Part II - Country Studies 141
  • 7 - Zimbabwe 143
  • 8 - Tanzania 199
  • Notes 243
  • 9 - Nigeria 246
  • Notes 295
  • 10 - Kenya 296
  • 11 - The Ivory Coast 344
  • 12 - Mauritius 383
  • Appendix 407
  • Index 413
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