Exporting Africa: Technology, Trade, and Industrialization in Sub-Saharan Africa

By Samuel M. Wangwe | Go to book overview

NOTES
1
According to Ndulu and Semboja (1992), measuring exports in purchasing power parity dollars (PPP$) facilitates comparisons over time, especially given the serious depreciation of the domestic currency in the 1966-90 period. See notes to Table 8.1 for the definition of PPP$.
2
Traditional exports include the six major agricultural cash crops, i.e. coffee, cotton, sisal, tea, tobacco and cashew nuts, along with traditional mineral exports of diamonds.
3
The SIP is a Swedish aid-financed programme for establishing small-scale industries in Tanzania (junior sisters) through international technology transfer by Swedish small or medium-sized industries (senior sisters). The programme began in 1977. SIDO selects products and technology and with the aid of a Swedish consulting firm, FIDE, identifies the senior sister. The senior sister is responsible for designing and specifying production equipment, its installation and commissioning, training junior sisters, supplying the necessary raw materials and other back-up support services during the agreed (5-10 years) term of cooperation. To date the SIP has resulted in 34 projects (junior sisters) located in five of the 20 regions, i.e. Kilimanjaro (13) Arusha (12), Mbeya (7) and one each in Tanga and Iringa.
4
All SIP projects are situated in SIDO’s industrial estates, which generally provide infrastructure such as roads, water and electricity connections, common workshop facilities and industrial sheds.
5
Some sources give 223.5 million.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Alänge, S., Acquisition of Capabilities through International Technology Transfer, Gotebörg, Department of Industrial Management, Chalmers University of Technology, 1987.
Bagachwa, M. S. D., Choice of Technology in Industry: The Economics of Grain Milling in Tanzania, Ottawa, International Development Research Centre (IDRC), 1991
Bagachwa, M. S. D., Choice of Technology in Small and Large Firms: Grain-Milling in Tanzania, World Development, 20 (1), 1992.
Bagachwa, M. S. D., Luvanga, N. E. and Mjema, G. D., A Study on Non-Traditional Exports. Report to the Government of Tanzania and the World Bank, 1990.
Bhaghwati, J., Outward Orientation; Trade Issues, in Corbo, V., Goldstein M. and Khan, M., (eds), Growth-oriented Adjustment Programs, Washington, D. C., IMF/World Bank, 1987
British Textile Technology Centre (BTTG), Industrial Rehabilitation Study of the Textile Sub-sector of Tanzania. Report to the Ministry of Industries and Trade, Dar es Salaam, 1990.
Cooper, C., Are Innovation Studies on Industrialized Economies Relevant to Technology Policy in Developing Countries? Paper presented to INTECH Seminar, January 1992.

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Exporting Africa: Technology, Trade, and Industrialization in Sub-Saharan Africa
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables vii
  • Acknowledgements xii
  • Part I - Exporting Africa: an Analysis 1
  • 1 - Introduction 3
  • 2 - Trade Theory 16
  • 3 - Some Conceptual Issues and Methodology of the Study 35
  • 4 - The Changing World Economy 52
  • 5 - Main Findings of the Study 82
  • 6 - Conclusions and Policy Implications 117
  • Notes to Part I 122
  • Bibliography 131
  • Part II - Country Studies 141
  • 7 - Zimbabwe 143
  • 8 - Tanzania 199
  • Notes 243
  • 9 - Nigeria 246
  • Notes 295
  • 10 - Kenya 296
  • 11 - The Ivory Coast 344
  • 12 - Mauritius 383
  • Appendix 407
  • Index 413
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