Exporting Africa: Technology, Trade, and Industrialization in Sub-Saharan Africa

By Samuel M. Wangwe | Go to book overview

9

Nigeria

Oluremi Ogun


INTRODUCTION

This report focuses on Nigeria, as a case study within the context of an Africa-wide analysis of new technologies and export-oriented growth. The introductory section provides information on the structural composition of the economy, the composition and destination of exports, the relationship between the economic environment and industrial policies and export incentives and institutions. This is followed by three sections giving the results of a survey of three major manufacturing sub-sectors which engage in exporting: textiles, brewing, and food and beverages.


Structure of the economy

Before the oil boom of the 1970s, the Nigerian economy could be described as predominantly agrarian, with agriculture accounting for an average of over 60 per cent of its national output between 1950 and 1965. The oil boom transformed the economy drastically: by 1985 agriculture was 26 per cent of GDP, while oil and mining, which had contributed only about 1 per cent of GDP in 1960, accounted for about 20 per cent. The detailed picture of the transformation which occurred in this period can be gauged from Table 9.1. In brief, manufacturing has experienced rather sluggish growth since around 1970, while infrastructure and services appear to have experienced persistent growth interrupted only by the economic recession of the 1980s. Another marked trend is the general improvement in agriculture’s share of GDP since 1985, standing at about 40 per cent in 1990. Over the same period, oil and mining fell to about 14 per cent of GDP, while infrastructure and services appear to stabilize at lower levels of about 9 per cent and 28 per cent, respectively, between 1987 and 1990.

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Exporting Africa: Technology, Trade, and Industrialization in Sub-Saharan Africa
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables vii
  • Acknowledgements xii
  • Part I - Exporting Africa: an Analysis 1
  • 1 - Introduction 3
  • 2 - Trade Theory 16
  • 3 - Some Conceptual Issues and Methodology of the Study 35
  • 4 - The Changing World Economy 52
  • 5 - Main Findings of the Study 82
  • 6 - Conclusions and Policy Implications 117
  • Notes to Part I 122
  • Bibliography 131
  • Part II - Country Studies 141
  • 7 - Zimbabwe 143
  • 8 - Tanzania 199
  • Notes 243
  • 9 - Nigeria 246
  • Notes 295
  • 10 - Kenya 296
  • 11 - The Ivory Coast 344
  • 12 - Mauritius 383
  • Appendix 407
  • Index 413
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