Advances in Written Text Analysis

By Malcolm Coulthard | Go to book overview

NOTES

* The article presented here is reprinted from Language in Society, by the kind permission of the author and the publishers, CUP.

1
Pinch (1985:8-9) refers to ‘the fundamental ambiguity over just what has been observed’, resulting from the degree of interpretation involved in the reporting of results. The reliance upon assumptions and interpretation in observation is termed ‘externalization of observation’ by Pinch. He gives an example of an experiment, as a result of which there are marks on a graph. These are interpreted as indicating the presence of Argon atoms, which in turn are interpreted as indicating the presence of solar neutrinos. The researcher can report that ‘splodges on a graph’, or ‘Ar37 atoms’ or ‘solar neutrinos’ have been observed. Pinch comments: ‘The difference between the possible observational reports of the experiment can be characterized by their degree of externality’.
2
Activity. The activities identified in the SUTY text are: state fact; interpret result; assess; narrate event; hypothesize; recommend; assert status; describe figure. Source. The possible sources are: received knowledge, data, writers, text. Modification. Modification may be effected by: modal verbs (must, may, etc. ); modal constructions (It is possible/clear/plausible that; We believe that; probably, possibly, etc. ); modal copulas (appear, seem); projecting verbs (demonstrate, suggest, claim, etc).

For further details, see Hunston (1989).

3
The categories of certainty are: Known; Certain; Probable; Possible; Unlikely; Untrue; Unknown. For further details, see Hunston (1989).

-218-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Advances in Written Text Analysis
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 320

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.