From Heaven to Earth: Images and Experiences of Development in China

By Elisabeth Croll | Go to book overview

Index

a
abortion 196
accountants in villages 31 , 32
accumulation by households 163 , 177
administrative village 30 , 31
affinal kinship 176
aggregate families 173-7
aid agencies 152-3 , 154 , 157
ancestors 175 , 181
Anhui, infanticide 200
animals see livestock
army/militia expenditure 67
aspirations see dreams

b
back-carrying of materials 43 , 88-9
bank loans 103
beans 37 , 44 , 65
Beijing:
family planning 196 , 200 ;
villages 52-7 , 110 , 112 , 172
betrothal see marriage
birth rates 184-5 , 190-1 , 193-4 , 288 , 289 ;
female-male proportion 200-2 , 290-1
boat building 273
bookbinding industry 55
books 126 , 128
brick manufacture 63
building materials manufacture 63 , 73
burial grounds 98

c
cadres:
authority 112-13 , 116-18 ;
birth rates 191 ;
bribery 118 ;
co-operation in research 294 , 296-7 ;
income of 84 , 90 ;
and information 118-34 ;
pensions 112 ;
public opinion of 221 ;
relations with villagers 94 , 112-15 , 116-34 ;
state 123
carrying of materials 43 , 88-9
cash aid 146
cash crops 23 , 58 , 59 , 66 , 104
cash deficit/surplus of households 41 , 57 , 81
cash income see income
cattle 38 , 41-2 , 45 , 46 , 48-9 , 50 , 54 , 62 , 83-4 , 89
cereals 37 , 53 , 65 , 75 , 276 ;
consumption 37 , 44 , 71 , 82 , 238 , 239 , 276 ;
for fodder 38 , 44 , 239 ;
food-grain lands 67 , 70-1 , 75-6 , 98 , 99 , 101 ;
income from 58 , 60-1 , 66 , 71 ;
inputs 53 , 60 , 61 , 71 , 76 , 77 ;
intercropping 65 , 66-7 ;
prices 60 , 104 , 145 ;
processing 63 ;
quotas 37 , 39 , 44 , 53 , 60 , 67 , 71 , 77 , 82 ;
as relief 146 , 147 ;
shortage of 82 , 103-4 ;
yields 37-8 , 44 , 58 , 61 , 76 , 82 , 238 , 239
Changchih 58
change agents 119-34
Chanping: village land 101
chemicals industry in villages 55 , 79 , 273
chickens see poultry
children:
care in households 20 , 28-9 ;
infanticide 192 , 199-202 ;
labour 165-6 , 168 , 183-4 ;
mortality rates 182-3 ;
nurseries 19 , 29 , 112 ;
see also daughters;
education;
sons
clan groups 175-6
clothing:
expenditure on 40 , 51 ;
fashion 216 ;
as relief 146
clothing factories 55
co-operatives 33-5
Coale, Ainsley 202
Cohen, Myron 177
collectives/collectivisation 12-13 , 17-20 , 77-8 , 97 , 100
commercial households 54
commodity economy 26 , 30 , 31 , 35

-311-

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From Heaven to Earth: Images and Experiences of Development in China
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Acknowledgements xvii
  • Introduction 1
  • Chapter 1 - Imaging Heaven 3
  • Part I - Reform: Household and Village 15
  • Chapter 2 - State Policies 17
  • Chapter 3 - Peasant Experiences 36
  • Part II - Readjustment: the Village 95
  • Chapter 4 - Resource Management 97
  • Chapter 5 - Information Networked 116
  • Chapter 6 - Income Generation 135
  • Part III - Readjustment: the Household 161
  • Chapter 7 - Aggregation 163
  • Chapter 8 - Continuity 181
  • Chapter 9 - Discontinuity 198
  • Conclusion 213
  • Chapter 10 - Living the Earth 215
  • Appendix 1 226
  • Appendix 2 292
  • Notes 299
  • Index 311
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