Distance Education for Teacher Training

By Hilary Perraton | Go to book overview

3

The Zimbabwe Integrated Teacher Education Course

B. R. S. Chivore

When Zimbabwe attained independence, there was an unprecedented expansion in the provision of education at all levels. To illustrate the degree of expansion in education in 1979, there were 2,401 primary schools with an enrolment of 819,586 pupils. In 1989, there were 4,504 primary schools with an enrolment of 2,274,178 pupils. At secondary level, in 1979 there were 177 secondary schools with an enrolment of 66,215 pupils. By 1989, there were 1,502 secondary schools with an enrolment of 695,882 pupils (Secretary for Education, Annual reports, 1979-89).

Expansion in the provision of education did not go hand in hand with an adequate supply of professionally trained teachers. The extent of the shortage can be illustrated using statistics (Table 3.1) from 1980 to 1988. It should be noted that the number of professionally untrained primary teachers increased from 8,031 in 1980 to 28,173 in 1988. This meant a percentage increase of 350.8.

Table 3.1 Professionally trained teacher shortage in Zimbabwe, 1980-88

Year

Trained teachers

Untrained teachers

Total

1980

20,424

8,031

28,455

1981

22,654

15,119

37,775

1982

23,699

21,768

45,465

1983

25,954

26,548

52,502

1984

30,424

24,000

54,424

1985

30,065

26,610

56,675

1986

31,496

26,752

58,248

1987

26,133

30,987

57,120

1988

29,589

28,173

57,762

(Source: Secretary for Education, Annual reports, 1980-8)

On the other hand trained teachers increased from 20,424 in 1980 to 29,589 in 1988 which was a percentage increase of 144.8. In real terms, therefore, the number of professionally untrained teachers grew more rapidly than professionally trained teachers over that period.

-42-

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Distance Education for Teacher Training
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgements ix
  • 1 - The Context 1
  • Pre-Service Initial Training of Teachers 19
  • 2 - Tanzania's Distance-Teaching Programme 21
  • References 41
  • 3 - The Zimbabwe Integrated Teacher Education Course 42
  • References 65
  • In-Service Initial Training of Teachers 67
  • 4 - Logos II in Brazil 69
  • 5 - Teacher Upgrading in Sri Lanka and Indonesia 95
  • References 132
  • 6 - Radio Education in Nepal 136
  • References 187
  • 7 - The National Teachers' Institute, Nigeria 196
  • 8 - The Primary Teachers' Orientation Course, Allama Iqbal Open University 228
  • Continuing Education 259
  • 9 - Educating Teachers at a Distance in Australia: Some Trends 261
  • 10 - Teacher Education at the Open University 287
  • 11 - The External Degree Programme at the University of Nairobi 316
  • References 341
  • 12 - The Correspondence and Open Studies Institute, University of Lagos 349
  • Notes 377
  • Quality, Effectiveness and Costs 379
  • 13 - The Costs 381
  • 14 - The Effects 391
  • Bibliography 405
  • Index 408
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