Distance Education for Teacher Training

By Hilary Perraton | Go to book overview

jobs, such as teaching at private schools, and thus have lower opportunity costs. Previous studies (Nielsen and Djalil, 1989) also show that they attach higher status to an Open University degree than people from the cities do.


REFERENCES

b
Bolam, R. (1982): School-focused inservice training, London: Heinemann.

c
Crossley, M. (1989): Distance education and the professional development of teachers in Papua New Guinea, Paper presented for the 12th Extraordinary Meeting of the Faculty of Education, University of Papua New Guinea.

d
Dock, A. W., Duncan, W. A. and Kotalawala, E. M. (1988): Training teachers through distance education methods: an evaluation of a Sri Lankan programme, Stockholm: Swedish International Development Authority.
Dodds, T. (1988): ‘Distance education and adult learning’, Development Communications Report, No. 63, 1988, pp. 8-10.

e
Eicher, J. C., Hawkridge, D., McAnany, E., Mariet, F. and Orivel, F. (Eds) (1972): The economics of new educational media, Vol. 3, Cost and effectiveness: overview and synthesis, Paris: UNESCO.

g
Gatawa, B. S. M. (1986): ‘The Zimbabwe Integrated National Teacher Education Course (ZINTEC)’, in C. B. W. Treffgarne (Ed. ), Education in Zimbabwe, DICE Occasional Papers No. 9, London: Institute of Education, University of London.
Guy, R. (1989): Present initiatives and emerging trends in inservice teacher education in Papua New Guinea (mimeo), Papua New Guinea: Goroka Teachers’ College.

i
Improved Efficiency of Educational Systems (IEES), Indonesia, (1987): Education and Human Resources Sector Review, 1986, Vol. 1, Jakarta: Ministry of Education and Culture, and Washington, DC, US Agency for International Development.

m
Mählck, L. and Temu, E. B. (1989): Distance versus college trained primary school teachers: a case study from Tanzania, Paris: International Institute for Educational Planning.

n
Nielsen, H. D. and Djalil, A. (1989): Teacher training by the Indonesian Open Learning University: the relationship of private costs and expected benefits to enrollment decisions, Paper presented at the 2nd BRIDGES Annual Meeting, Bangkok, Thailand.
Nielsen, H. D. and Djalil, A. (1990): The efficiency of various programmes for the training of lower secondary school teachers in Indonesia, BRIDGES Project manuscript (draft), Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University.

o
Office of Educational and Cultural Research and Development (1989): Statistik Sekolahan, Jakarta: Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture.

t
Tatto, M. T., Nielsen, H. D. and Cummings, W. C. (1991): Effectiveness and costs of three approaches to train elementary school teachers in Sri Lanka, BRIDGES Project manuscript, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University.
Taylor, D. C. (1983): ‘The cost effectiveness of teacher upgrading by distance education in Southern Africa’, International Journal of Educational Development, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 19-31.
Tilak, J. (1985): Analysis of costs of education in India, Occasional Paper No. 10 (ERIC document: ED 261946).

w
Windham, D. (1988): Indicators of educational effectiveness and efficiency, IEES monograph, Tallahassee, Florida: Florida State University Learning Systems Institute, and Washington, DC: United States Agency for International Development.

-132-

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Distance Education for Teacher Training
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgements ix
  • 1 - The Context 1
  • Pre-Service Initial Training of Teachers 19
  • 2 - Tanzania's Distance-Teaching Programme 21
  • References 41
  • 3 - The Zimbabwe Integrated Teacher Education Course 42
  • References 65
  • In-Service Initial Training of Teachers 67
  • 4 - Logos II in Brazil 69
  • 5 - Teacher Upgrading in Sri Lanka and Indonesia 95
  • References 132
  • 6 - Radio Education in Nepal 136
  • References 187
  • 7 - The National Teachers' Institute, Nigeria 196
  • 8 - The Primary Teachers' Orientation Course, Allama Iqbal Open University 228
  • Continuing Education 259
  • 9 - Educating Teachers at a Distance in Australia: Some Trends 261
  • 10 - Teacher Education at the Open University 287
  • 11 - The External Degree Programme at the University of Nairobi 316
  • References 341
  • 12 - The Correspondence and Open Studies Institute, University of Lagos 349
  • Notes 377
  • Quality, Effectiveness and Costs 379
  • 13 - The Costs 381
  • 14 - The Effects 391
  • Bibliography 405
  • Index 408
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