Sexual Behavior and HIV/AIDS in Europe: Comparisons of National Surveys

By Michel Hubert; Nathalie Bajos et al. | Go to book overview

Chapter 1

Studying and Comparing Sexual Behaviour and HIV/AIDS in Europe

Michel Hubert*

Introduction

Concern about AIDS appeared in most European countries soon after this new disease was discovered in 1981. In Europe, as in North America, gay communities were the first to be affected and to engage in the fight against AIDS. Because of the seriousness of the epidemic and fear of discrimination, they quickly mobilized to disseminate preventive messages, take care of people with HIV/AIDS, call for treatments, and so on. The spread of the pandemic was paralleled by a wealth of research on sexual behaviour, risk practices and prevention among gay men (Pollak et al., 1994) and, later, injecting drug users (Rezza et al., 1994). The need for general population campaigns was not felt in most European countries until 1985 (Wellings and Field, 1996). Based on the idea that everyone should be concerned about HIV/AIDS prevention, these campaigns targeted the entire population due to fear that HIV might have spread widely beyond the primary ‘risk’ groups and a desire to avoid stigmatizing these same risk groups.

In this context, many European countries realized that, outside specific studies on gay men and injecting drug users, little was known about the prevalence of various types of HIV/AIDS risk-related behaviour, or indeed sexual behaviour in general, in their national populations. They thus decided to fill the information gap by engaging in large-scale population surveys for the first time. 1 Exceptional investments were made in such surveys in Europe,

*I should like to thank Casimiro Marques Balsa who coordinated with me the European Concerted Action of which this book is one of the outcomes and took an active part in designing and running the project. Many thanks to all the survey investigators who kindly provided access to their research material and information about their surveys. The members of the Research Network for Comparative Research in Europe (Rencore) also provided numerous references and advice to help place the studies reported here in the larger tradition of comparative research.

-3-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Sexual Behavior and HIV/AIDS in Europe: Comparisons of National Surveys
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 442

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.