|• the development plan process|
|• the development control process.|
The post-war planning system involving both the production and implementation of locally produced planning policy was first introduced by the Town and Country Planning Act 1947. All previous town planning statutes were repealed and the new legislation heralded the introduction of a major shift in public policy, from which we may trace the evolution of the current system. The new Act came into force on 1 July 1948 (the appointed day).1 This legislation introduced the modern system as it exists today. The very need to apply for planning permission became nationalized. Private landownership would remain, but thenceforth permission would be required to change the use of buildings or to erect new structures. Planning policy would be prepared by local councils (city, district or borough) and county councils. Such locally produced policy would shape the patterns of development across the country. However, the overall organization of town planning would be the subject of a highly centralized system of control, whereby central government would determine the function of local government. As local government is responsible for the implementation of planning functions,
1. This date is important in determining what is “original”, so that, when calculating permitted development tolerances, anything built before the appointed day is original and therefore not considered to be an extension.