|1.||On April 22, the paper had suggested a ticket comprised of westerners and endorsed Chase and Edward Bates as candidates for the presidency and vice presidency: "We have the numbers, the wealth, the position, the intelligence; have we not the ability and statesmanship to command the attention, and secure the co-operation of other portions of the Union?"Columbus Gazette, Apr. 22, 1859.|
|2.||Future newspaper magnate James Edmund Scripps ( 1835- 1906) was a reporter with the Chicago Tribune at this time. DAB, 16:519-20.|
|3.||On June 2, the radical-dominated Republican state convention in Columbus had endorsed a platform that criticized the Ohio Supreme Court's ruling in the Oberlin- Wellington rescue case and, among other provisions, called for repeal of the Fugitive Slave Act. It also rejected the renomination of state supreme court justice Joseph R. Swan, a decisive vote in the Oberlin-Wellington decision, yielding to the desires of influential Hamilton County Republicans who favored Cincinnatian William Y. Gholson for the position instead. Cincinnati Know-Nothings, meeting on June 9, condemned such "fanaticism," but their recommendation for a separate ticket was later rejected at a start convention. Cincinnati Daily Gazette, June 3, 4, 10, 1859; Roseboom, Civil War Era, 349-52.|
Autograph letter. Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress (micro 12:0921).
Columbus, June 13, 1859.
My dear Sir,
The reliance you put in my discretion and in my disposition to avoid all extremes which may endanger the success of the Republican Party gratifies me much, and it will be my study to deserve it. That this avoidance of extremes however is not at all inconsistent with the boldest & manliest avowal of our great principles & aims your own example in that noble speech of yours at Springfield which opened the campaign last year in Illinois makes evident enough.1
I enclose you the Resolutions recently adopted by our State Convention. There are more words in the latter clause of the third resolution than I thought necessary; but a declaration in favor of the repeal of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 was indispensible:2 and I trust that our friends in Illinois will, if not already prepared to take the same ground, soon be educated up to it.
It is a curious circumstance that one of the first votes given on a practical question by the united opposition after the passage of the Nebraska bill was on this very question.3 And it illustrated strikingly the leading ideas of the two organizations; the centralizing tendency towards consolidated despotism of the selfstyled democracy & the liberal bias toward constitutional Liberty for States & Persons of the Opposition. You will find the whole matter in the Congressional Globe of