|Chase visited Illinois in late October both years. Chase to Kate Chase, Oct. 28, 1858 ( Chase Papers, Hist. Soc. of Pa.); Chase to Charles Sumner, Oct. 30, 1854 (Houghton Lib., Harvard Univ.).|
|Chase expressed sentiments directly to Lincoln four days earlier, adding: "The space is now clear for the establishment of the policy of Freedom on safe & firm grounds. The lead is yours. The responsibility is vast." Chase to Lincoln, Nov. 7, 1860 ( Lincoln Papers, L.C.).|
|In the election of 1800, Democratic Republican Thomas Jefferson defeated John Adams, thus bringing an end to Federalist rule. John C. Miller, The Federalist Era, 1789-1801 ( New York, 1960), 255-77.|
|Julia Marie Jayne Trumbull (d. 1868). DAB, 19:20.|
Printed copy. John Albree, ed., Whittier Correspondence: From the Oak Knoll Collections, 1830-1892 ( Salem, Mass., 1911), 136-39.
Columbus, Nov. 23, 1860.
MY DEAR FRIEND:
I missed no gloves, but presume those left at friend Sparhawk's were mine.1 I am gratified that you made them useful to the cause and to yourself.
We have indeed great reason to rejoice; for the power of the Slave Interest is certainly broken. What use will be made of the victory, does not so clearly appear. Some indications lead me to apprehend that the wisest and best use will not be made. Great efforts will doubtless be put forth to degrade Republicanism to the Compromise level of 1850.
There are also some serious dangers on the disunion side. I have always regarded the Slavery question as the crucial test of our institutions; and it has been my hope and prayer that a peaceful settlement of this question on the basis, first, of denationalization, and then final enfranchisement through voluntary State action, would establish beyond all dispute the superiority of free institutions, and the capacity of a free Christian people to deal with every evil and peril lying in the path of its progress.
To this end, all needless irritation should be carefully avoided, and much forbearance exercised. The citizens of the Free States have now to suffer injuries, when travelling or temporarily sojourning in Slave States, which, under ordinary circumstances and upon common principles, would, as between independent sovereignties, justify extreme measures. If extreme measures are not resorted to, it is because the people of the Free States love the Union and prefer to forbear. And this is right.
On the other hand, however, the Slave States have, regarding matters from their standpoint, some just causes of complaint. The slaveholders undoubtedly think that they have a right to take their slaves, as property, into the territories and be protected in holding them by Federal power, and nearly all jurists and statesmen, North and South,