|3.||Sent by Federal officials to Union sympathizers in Tennessee at the request of Andrew Johnson. Chase to Johnson, June 29, 1861 ( Andrew Johnson Papers, L.C.).|
Autograph letter on letterhead stationery. Clara H. Mellen Papers, Bowdoin College (micro 16:0265).
Unofficial and Private
Treasury Department July 23d 1861
My dear Mr. Mellen
I am sorry to learn from yours of the 20th that you do not personally know Lieut. Nelson. Please get acquainted with him at once, using the enclosed note of introduction if you see fit. He has the confidence of Andy Johnson & the other Union men of Kentucky & Tennessee as far as I know. So far as I know any thing of him, the knowledge tends to inspire confidence. Your counsels will be very valuable to him, and he in turn can be useful to you. He has been & is largely trusted by the administration in the matter of arms & supplies for men to be raised in Eastern Kentucky & Eastern Tennessee. I received a letter from him yesterday, enclosing one he had addressed to the Adj. General giving a full account of his operations, purchases &c.1 Except that he seemed to be paying somewhat too high prices--purchasing at 30, 60 & 120 days-- he seemed to me to have done very well. You could perhaps help him to buy at better rates.
The repulse at Manassas or Bulls run day before yesterday was a bad affair though not nearly so bad as at first represented / Our loss in killed & wounded & missing will range from 500 to 1000--probably the middle figure will be nearest the truth. Pattersons misconduct in suffering Johnson to get away from him and join Beauregard was the great cause of the disaster.2 Two weeks ago I urged the sending of Fremont to this command; and had it been done we should now have been rejoicing over a great victory. Banks, now that the mischief is done, is ordered to the command. He wants nothing but experience in my opinion to make a very able general. McClellan is to come here and assume the general direction of affairs under Scott. Not that the best informed have lost confidence in McDowell, who did all that could have been done, in his circumstances, but it is felt that on this important line it is needful that the lead be confided to one having the prestige of victory as well as undoubted military talents. It is not yet decided who will replace him in Virginia / Rosecrans, of course, has the command at present being the only Brigadier commissioned by Federal Authority in Western Virginia except Cox3 to whom he is senior.