|Both letters reported on Unionist military preparations in Kentucky, Tennessee, and western Virginia. Lorenzo Thomas ( 1804-75) served as adjutant general of the U.S. Army, March 1861-March 1863, 1868-69. William Nelson to Chase, July 16, 1861 ( Andrew Johnson Papers, L.C.); Nelson to adjutant general, July 16, 1861 ( Chase Papers, Hist. Soc. of Pa.); DAB, 18:441-42.|
|Prior to the first battle of Bull Run, Maj. Gen. Robert Patterson was ordered to stop Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston from joining forces with Pierre T. Beauregard while Irvin McDowell led Union forces into Virginia. DAB, 2:111, 14:306-7.|
|Jacob D. Cox. OR, ser. 1, v. 2:197.|
|Andrew Johnson and Robert Mallory, ( 1815-85), Unionist congressman from Ken tucky, 1859-65. Bio. Dir. U.S. Cong., 1416.|
Autograph letter. Chase Papers, Historical Society of Pennsylvania (micro16:0284).
Cincinnati O. 23. July 1861
Dear Sir, I have just returned from Lexington Ky. I went up to hold a meeting with the Central Union Committee. The news came upon us there. The repulse was terribly exaggerated. It came both ways to Lexington, from Nashville as well as Cincinnati, and it was awful to read. I immediately [declared] a call meeting of the Union club to be held that night which was largely attended and I made my "first speech1 The stupor that the intelligence of Mannassas caused at first, was succeeded by exasperation, and that is the only sentiment that is rampant. Irritation, exasperation, a desire for, strange to say, vengeance, is created by the news. I do not think from what I saw we will lose a thousand votes at the election by it. Our leaders recovered themselves quickly and now stand up manfully. I stopped in Paris in Bourbon County, and saw Hon Garrett Davis2 / The best feeling prevails there too. A confidence of ultimate success, that nothing can shake and a desire to avenge the disgrace to our arms. You can count on Kentucky, she is true as steel. I promised, in order to give confidence, that I would arm all the men, who would enroll to resist an invasion which is feared in the circumstances of the hour, from Middle Tennesee and that I would supply them with what was needed in the way of Camp Equipage &c. &c. The