|Royal Experiment," an attempt by philanthropists, Treasury officials, and the U.S. Army to prepare "contrabands"--former slaves under U.S. protection--for freedom. Pierce to Chase, Feb. 3, 1862 (Port Royal Corres., Recs. of Civil War Special Agencies, Nat. Arch.).|
|2.||Status at Large, 12:257.|
|3.||The Educational Commission for Freedmen.|
|4.||Edwin Stanton had directed the orders to Daniel D. Tompkins ( 1799- 1863), quartermaster in New York City, 1861-63, and Thomas W. Sherman, who still commanded Federal troops at Port Royal. Appletons', 6:130-31; :227.|
Autograph letter. Port Royal Correspondence, Records of Civil War Special Agencies of the Treasury Department (Record Group 366), National Archives ( micro 19:0562).
Boston 21 Feb. 1862.
Hon Salmon P Chase.
My Dear Sir.
Your favors dated Feb 18 & 19th are received1--and I await the orders and instructions which I expect to receive tomorrow.
I shall go to New York as early as Monday evening--earlier if required by any advices from you or from New York.
This community is profoundly moved by affairs at Port Royal--to an extent I have rarely witnessed. It pervades classes heretofore differing. I have represented the facts quite fully to large numbers of persons specially invited to private houses where gentlemen of wealth and position have attended. Tomorrow evening, I am to do the same at Cambridge. I have declined to speak at any public meeting--feeling that it is important to do the work in quiet conferences and to avoid too much publicity.
In view of your decision against the appointment of superintendents with salaries, the number of persons to be sent & supported by private contributions should be increased. I have asked the Boston Society2 to provide Thirty persons to be carefully selected. George B Emerson, Loring Lothrop and others are to pass upon them3--& I have fully advised them of the practical qualities required. The Commission give fifty dollars a month, relying on the Government for rations. At this rate we find we can secure an adequate number of proper persons.
I am greatly encouraged by the prospects of the movement. As ladies are to go, I trust Miss Walker will accompany them to inspire all with her good sense and patient humanity. The sending of ladies is as yet an experiment and only a very few and those of rare qualifications & aptitude for the work should be accepted. Even those who go from Boston I have required should apply to Mr French, as he made the proposition and I think its success should be specially confided to him.
I have forwarded to Senator Sumner a corrected copy of my report as published in the Tribune4 requesting him to get it substituted at your