|The Philadelphia Convention had discussed the intent of what became Article 4, Section 3 of the U.S. Constitution on August 29 and 30, 1787. Henry D. Gilpin, The Papers of James Madison, . . . 3 vols. ( Washington, D.C., 1840), 3:1456-66.|
Letter in clerk's hand, signed by Chase. Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress (micro 24:0405).
Dec. 31, 1862.To the President of the United States:Sir.In accordance with your verbal direction of yesterday, I most respectfully submit the following observations in respect to the draft of a Proclamation designating the States and parts of States within which the Proclamation of the 22d. September, 1862, is to take effect, according to the terms thereof.
|I.||It seems to me wisest to make no exception of parts of States from
the operation of the Proclamation, save the Forty-eight Counties designated as West-Virginia. My reasons are these:|
|II.||I think it would be expedient to omit from the proposed Proclamation the declaration that the Executive Government of the United
States will do no act to repress the enfranchised in any efforts they
make for their actual freedom.|
This clause in the September Proclamation has been widely quoted as an incitement to servile insurrection. In lieu of it, and for the purpose of shaming these misrepresentations, I think it would be well to