1792—Lehigh Coal Mining Co. created to mine and transport anthracite coal in Pennsylvania’s Lehigh Valley.
1801—First horse-drawn railroads operate in England.
1813—Workman at Josiah White rolling mill in Philadelphia discovers long-lasting burning qualities of anthracite coal, solving need for fuel during British embargo of 1812.
1818—White and partner Erskine Hazard create Lehigh Navigation Co. as subsidiary of Lehigh Coal Co., begin to develop town of Mauch Chunk (now Jim Thorpe) as center of its operations.
1819—White and Hazard sell their mill at the Falls of Schuylkill to focus their attention on anthracite coal at Mauch Chunk.
1823—Josiah White sends 9,000 tons of anthracite downriver to Philadelphia, launching nineteenth-century coal boom.
1825—Opening of Erie Canal links New York City with Buffalo and Great Lakes.
1827—LC&N’s gravity-based “switchback” railroad begins hauling coal from mines to Mauch Chunk.
1828—John Leisenring moves to Mauch Chunk from Lehighton, becomes proprietor of Mansion House, the LC&N Co. ’s hotel.
1830—Peter Cooper builds the “Tom Thumb, ” powerful steam railroad locomotive.
1832—Josiah White retires from active direction of LC&N; John Leisenring succeeds him as postmaster of Mauch Chunk for next 16 years; LC&N sells Mansion House hotel to Leisenring.
1833—Reading Railroad chartered.
1835—John Leisenring gives up hotel, becomes general merchant; remains a central figure in Mauch Chunk/LC&N community.