Economic Development in Kazakhstan: The Role of Large Enterprises and Foreign Investment

By Anne E. Peck | Go to book overview

4

THE WAR AND POSTWAR DEVELOPMENT OF THE INDUSTRIAL ECONOMY, 1940-90

The development of Kazakhstan’s industrial economy in the 1920s and 1930s established a number of patterns that were to persist throughout the extended postwar period. First and foremost, Kazakhstan’s industrial growth depended principally on the development of the country’s significant mineral and mineral fuel reserves. For the most part, individual enterprises were large and often isolated. Each required substantial investment in new infrastructure as well as in the development of the mine, well, or processing facility. Entire towns were built, including housing, water, and a variety of social services, as well as railroads (or pipelines) to transport the newly mined mineral or mineral fuels. Already by 1940, 36 percent of Kazakhstan’s industrial output was accounted for by four basic industrial sectors - electric power, fuels, nonferrous metals mining and metallurgy, and machine building and metalworking (Beaucourt et al. 1963:229). The concentration increased in subsequent years.

Regional concentrations of industries which emerged in the earliest phases of development became even more apparent. The eastern region of Kazakhstan, with its many nonferrous mineral deposits, remained an important center of nonferrous metal mining and additional processing capacity was developed as the significant hydroelectric potential of the Irtysh River was harnessed. The central region of Kazakhstan remained an important base of coal and copper mining. An electric power industry as well as copper refining and processing was also developed. The wartime development of a steel plant in Karaganda plus iron ore discoveries in the Karaganda region as well as to the west led to the establishment of a major iron and steel complex in Karaganda. The northern and western regions of Kazakhstan continued to be developed as important energy centers. In the north, the coal deposits at Ekibastuz and Maikain fueled a rapidly growing electric power industry. In the west, oil discoveries at Kulsary, on the Mangyshlak Peninsula, and later at Tengiz and in Aktyubinsk fueled rapid growth in oil production and exports. The Karachaganak natural gas

-43-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Economic Development in Kazakhstan: The Role of Large Enterprises and Foreign Investment
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 278

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.