Transitional Economic Systems: The Polish-Czech Example

By Dorothy W. Douglas | Go to book overview

CHAPTER VII
PLANNING METHODS AND THE GROWTH OF CONTROL

I. POLISH EXPERIENCE: THE AREA OF CONTROL

L ike everything else in post-war Poland, the process of national economic planning had started under difficult circumstances. Records had largely been destroyed, the simplest necessities for new record-keeping were at first lacking. The Office of the Plan for the Rebuilding of Warsaw, for example, began without typists and typewriters, without sufficient desks, chairs, paper, and even pencils. Trains were not running, and before coming to his office the director would have spent some time standing in line for water to bring his wife for her household. Production itself was at first chaotic and prices wildly unstable. Moreover, among the survivors of the Occupation and war there was a great lack of planning personnel. Statisticians and clerks alike had in no small part to learn their tasks on the job.

As for foreign examples and foreign aid, the precise methods employed by the Soviet Union apparently remained undisclosed to the Polish planners. Soviet planning literature, in Russian, was available to some extent in libraries.

As indicated earlier, planning began at first on a sectional basis, led by the production plan for the coal industry, with other industries following; and by the latter part of 1946 there was a nine-months' financial plan. Finally planning widened to embrace the whole economic structure, with full-fledged plans for both production and investment, the whole 'creation and distribution of the national income'. It is to be noted, however, that within the scope of the Three-Year Plan cultural and health services were not yet actually planned. Overall figures for their development were indicated, but no detailed plan was drawn up. Also in the whole sphere of consumption, while numerous figures were given indicating per capita estimates, these were as yet only derivative from the corresponding production figures. Consumption as such was not yet planned.

-115-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Transitional Economic Systems: The Polish-Czech Example
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 376

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.