The local law enforcement community does not have the resources or ability to develop, test, and integrate the new technological tools that its agencies need. Training needs are going unmet, the forensics community is significantly underresourced, and the full resources of the federal government—in particular, the national laboratories— have not been turned toward the needs of local law enforcement agencies. This comes at a time when law enforcement is becoming increasingly complex and dangerous because many criminals have access to greater firepower and are more disposed to use it than the police are.1
In 1994, the Clinton administration developed a program to help fight crime by putting 100,000 new police officers on the street. This significantly strengthened the “thin blue line” and enabled communities to commit extra police resources in areas, such as communityoriented policing, that previously had been neglected.
The administration also recognized that law enforcement was not taking full advantage of technology and infrastructure developed for other purposes—at the cost of billions of dollars of investment—but which could also be applied to law enforcement. Accordingly, an agreement between the Departments of Justice and Defense was signed in 1994 initiating a five-year pilot program designed to in-____________________