Gender and Text in the Later Middle Ages

By Jane Chance | Go to book overview
of the (re)writing subject. For, as Butler has observed, "construction is not opposed to agency; it is the necessary scene of agency, the very terms in which agency is articulated and becomes culturally intelligible. The critical task for feminism is not to establish a point of view outside of constructed identities ... [but] rather, to locate strategies of subversive repetition enabled by those constructions."59
Notes
1. Bayle, Dictionnaire historique, 7:556. All uncredited translations are my own.
2. For the reception of Abelard and Heloise in the Middle Ages, see Dronke, Abelard and Heloise. The most useful overviews of their postmedieval reception history are still Robertson, Abelard and Heloise, and Charrier, Héloïse dans l'histoire; necessary correctives will be found in Newman, "Authority,"121-57. Kamuf undertakes an entirely different sort of literary history in her reading of the affair's legacy of suppressed desire in Fictions of Feminine Desire, xi-xix, 1-43.
3. This summary is based upon Abelard's account in his autobiographical Historia calamitatum and the letters of Heloise herself. Her death is recorded in the necrology of the Paraclete. Though contemporary sources offer little, if any, additional biographical information about Heloise, several modern biographies of her have been written. Of these, the least romanticized is Enid McLeod's Héloïse.
4. It has also been suggested, based on circumstantial evidence, that Argenteuil's entry in an obituary roll for the abbot of Savigny ( 1123)--an elegant little poem in Latin elegiacs--may be the work of Heloise and recorded in her own hand. For a transcription and discussion of this text, see Enid McLeod, Héloïse, 86-92.
5. Heloise and Abelard, Letters of Abelard and Heloise, trans. Radice. English translations are from this edition and will be indicated with page numbers in the text. For the Latin, I will refer to J. T. Muckle's critical editions (all appearing in Mediaeval Studies): Abelard, "Abelard's Letter," vol. 12; Heloise and Abelard, "The Personal Letters," vol. 15; and Heloise and Abelard, "Letter of Heloise," vol. 17. These will be similarly indicated by volume and page number.
6. Gilson, Heloise and Abelard, v. The epigraph for this section is found on p. 143 of the same work.
7. It is here, in the context of ideological problems raised by the correspondence, that the debate over the letters' authenticity may best be considered. Though I do not doubt that the correspondence was emended and edited during assemblage into the form preserved in the manuscripts, I fall in with the contemporary consensus that there are no convincing reasons to doubt the traditional medieval attribution of the texts. The debate itself, however, well deserves separate study as an ideological production shaped to a great extent by a priori ideas about what is properly medieval, properly monastic, and properly feminine. Newman's biting review of the debate ( "Authority,"123-44) is a crucial contribution to this process.
8. Adams, Mont-St.-Michel, 283-84.

-43-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Gender and Text in the Later Middle Ages
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 342

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.