Gender and Text in the Later Middle Ages

By Jane Chance | Go to book overview
53. See Heloise's first letter: "Satis ex ipsa feminei sexus natura debilis est haec plantatio et infirma etiam si non esset nova. Unde diligentiorem culturam exigit et frequentiorem iuxta illud apostoli" ( 15:70) [Through its feminine nature this plantation would be weak and frail even if it were not new, and so it needs a more careful and regular cultivation, according to the words of the Apostle] (111).
54. Georgianna, "'Any Corner of Heaven,'"226.
55. The phrase is Abelard's, from the introduction to the allegory: "Felix talium commercium nuptiarum ut homunculi miseri prius uxor nunc in summi regis thalamis sublimeris" ( 15:83, emphasis added) [It was a happy transfer of your married state, for you were previously the wife of a poor mortal and now are raised to the bed of the King of kings] (138, emphasis added).
56. Butler, Gender Trouble, 159 n. 18.
57. Kamuf, "Writing Like a Woman,"298.
58. Spivak, Post-Colonial Critic, 12. Spivak calls such positioning "strategic essentialism": "I think we have to choose again strategically.... In fact I must say that I am essentialist from time to time" (11).
59. Butler, Gender Trouble, 147. Lively discussions with Santiago Colás and Laura Pérez helped lay the theoretical groundwork for this essay; the final version has been greatly enriched by the careful reading and dialectical engagement of Linde Brocato, to whom it is dedicated.

Bibliography
Abelard Peter. "Abelard's Letter of Consolation to a Friend (Historia calamitatum)". Edited by J. T. Muckle. Mediaeval Studies 12 ( 1950): 163-213.
Adams Henry. Mont-St.-Michel and Chartres. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1936.
Alan of Lille. Liber in distinctionibus dictionum theologicalium. In Patrologia latina. Vol. 210, cols. 685-1012. Edited by J. P. Migne. Paris: Garnier, 1844- 1904.
Bayle Pierre. Dictionnaire historique et critique. Vol. 7. 1820-24. Reprint, Geneva: Slatkine, 1969.
Benton John. "Consciousness of Self and Perceptions of Individuality". In Renaissance and Renewal in the Twelfth Century, edited by Robert Benson and Giles Constable , 263-95. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983.
Biddick Kathleen. "Genders, Bodies, Borders: Technologies of the Visible". Speculum 68 ( 1993): 389-418.
Butler Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1990.
Bynum Caroline Walker. Jesus as Mother: Studies in the Spirituality of the High Middle Ages. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982.
Carruthers Mary. The Book of Memory: A Study of Memory in Medieval Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Charrier Charlotte. Héloïse dans l'histoire et dans la légende. Paris: Champion, 1933.

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