The Russian Question
Woodrow Wilson left Paris in mid-February in the midst of a controversy about one of the most persistently vexing of the issues of the peacemaking.
For the nations opposing Germany in the war there had been two paths to peace. One was by unrelenting pursuit of victory in the hope that once it was attained the terms for an enduring peace might be dictated. The other way—the easy one—was to get an immediate surcease of fighting by surrendering. The Russian Soviet government, overthrowing a revolutionary regime that had maintained some resistance to Germany, had chosen the path of capitulation at Brest-Litovsk, and in so doing had aroused enduring resentment on the part of the Allies in the West.
When the Allies sent arms and troops to strengthen the forces of "white" anti‐ Bolshevist generals and pressed the American government to share the burden, Wilson had reluctantly given his consent in the summer of 1918. 1. This concession became acutely embarrassing. Friction developed among the armies of the powers that had been sent to north Russia and to Siberia. 2. The morale of the troops was not good, and the White Russians were doing little to advance their own cause. 3. The presence of foreign forces in Russia served to create cynicism among the Russian people and to stimulate recruiting for the Red army. House, who had joined with British agents 4. in urging American participation in the intervention, thought it nec‐____________________