|George V, 1910-1936|
|Edward VIII (uncrowned, 1936)|
|George VI, 1936-1952|
|Elizabeth II, 1952-|
When the noisy celebration of Armistice Night in November, 1918, was over, England entered a difficult year of readjustment in which she seemed to some of her people dangerously near to revolution. Many if not most of the troops returned in a mutinous temper that was not mollified when they found the "land fit for heroes to live in" promised them by Lloyd George wholly unprepared for their return. Demobilized officers slept on park benches or sold their clothes to buy food; their men often fared worse. Parliament could produce for their relief nothing better than a series of improvised and partial measures that were far from satisfactory. There was much discontent and some suffering but no violence; and as 1919 focused attention on the peace negotiations at Versailles, the surrendering and scuttling of the German fleet at Scapa Flow, and the appearance of Lady Astor, the first woman member in the House of Commons, England passed safely into the postwar twenties.
Lloyd George's coalition government, formed in the crisis of 1916, was given a mandate to conclude the peace in the "khaki election" shortly after the Armistice and remained in