John L. “Jack” Morris with Sharon Hartin Iorio
and volume coauthors
Accuracy: To achieve accuracy in news reporting, facts should be verified by at least one independent source to overcome mistakes, lies, false memories, and misinterpreted documents (Brooks, Kennedy, Moen, & Ranly, 1999, p. 220). The traditional definition of accuracy in news is repeating or paraphrasing faithfully what an interview subject says. In public journalism, accuracy is related to recognizing and reporting the complexity of the community being covered (Sirianni & Friedland, 2001 p. 220).
Anonymity: A promise of anonymity is a guarantee that a given respondent or source cannot be linked to any particular statement he or she makes (Wimmer & Dominick, 2000, p. 73).
Attribution: Attribution is the clause that tells a reader of a news story, either directly or indirectly, who is speaking. For example, a clause such as “he said” is called an attribution (Brooks et al., 1999, p. 207). Attribution for the first instance in which a speaker is mentioned in a news report should include identification, for example, Director of Research John Jones said ….
Analysis: The act whereby something is separated into parts, and those parts are given rigorous, logical, and detailed scrutiny, resulting in a consistent and relatively complete account of the elements and the principles of their organization (Holman & Harmon, 1986, p. 20).
Analytic generalization–Analytical inference: This is the process of generalizing “a particular set of results to some broader theory” (Yin, 1994, p. 36). Analytic generalization and inference, in the social sciences, are based on the findings of a study or studies.