This study is based on the author's book, Deutsche Revolution und Wilson-Frieden, which was published in 1971 and was sold out soon afterward. The present text has been abridged by one third of the original. While the author hopes that this abridgement has made the American edition of his book more readable, he has to ask the specialist to consult the German original, wherever footnotes in the American edition refer to it, for detailed documentation which had to be omitted in the American version.
Even though generally abridged, this American version has updated the original in two respects: a considerable amount of source material, which was not available when the author prepared the first version, has been worked into this new version. Secondly, the author has tried to keep abreast of current research and to make use of the results of the numerous pertinent studies which have come out during the last fifteen years. All this means that what the author submits is in many respects a new book.
The rewriting and translation of this book has been made possible by two grants from the Stiftung Volkswagenwerk. One of these grants covered the expenses of another research sojourn which the author undertook in the United States in 1979. The other grant made available the considerable means to pay for the translation. The author is highly obliged to the Stiftung Volkswagenwerk for this generous assistance.
The author, on the other hand, would not have dared attempt a new version of his book if Arthur S. Link, the editor of the series in which this book is appearing, had not encouraged him, in both word and deed, to start this project and had not offered to include it in the series which he edits. So I owe a particular debt of gratitude to Arthur Link for continuous encouragement and untiring counsel.
At the same time, I am much indebted to a large number of colleagues, assistants and officials for the generous help which they have rendered me in the preparation of this new version as well as the original one. First suggestions to undertake this study came to me from my former graduate adviser, the late Gerhard Ritter (University of Freiburg), as well as from the late Fritz T. Epstein (Indiana University), the late Charles Seymour (Yale University), and the late John L. Snell (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill). All of these scholars had worked in a similar field before.
I should like to express my thanks, too, to Erich Hassinger, professor